Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities  
Manuscript Information
 
 
How Narcissists Function – a Phenomenological Analysis Based on Case Studies
Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities
Vol.3 , No. 1, Publication Date: Nov. 26, 2020, Page: 1-6
786 Views Since November 26, 2020, 200 Downloads Since Nov. 26, 2020
 
 
Authors
 
[1]    

Mariele Wulf, Department of Systematic Theology and Philosophy, Tilburg School of Catholic Theology, Tilburg University, Tilburg and Utrecht, The Netherlands.

 
Abstract
 

Power structures are narcissists’ “natural place”. But they are destructive, because such people invert their insecurity into dominance, unfairness, brutality and disregard for others. The same applies to narcissists who dominate others by celebrating their weakness; who do not accept that they are the “aggressor”, the perpetrator. These two forms of narcissism are distilled from case studies coming from accompanying especially traumatized persons. The cases were analysed in an eidetical-phenomenological way: the essence of narcissism is crystallised from these long-term-evaluations of actual cases. Narcissists seem to celebrate their strength, but their innermost self is weak. Self-confidence, self-reflection, self-regulation and self-distance are lacking. Narcissists live in concentric circles: (1) in the circle of loyalty, (2) in the circle who admire or bemoan the narcissists. If they are not acknowledged, they end up (3) in the circle of destruction. There everything bothering adding to the narcissist’s insecurity is eliminated. Narcissists function according to several principles and use the principles of the power game. But as they need the security a pseudo-reality gives them, they destroy averse any opposing reality. Their victims therefore live in a constant nightmare – until the narcissists fail. Some hints are given how to survive narcissists without being destroyed.


Keywords
 

Narcissists, Abuse, Trauma, Power-Narcissist, Powerless-Narcissist, Concentric Existence, Power Game


Reference
 
[01]    

Berschneider, Werner: Wenn Macht krank macht. Narzissmus in der Arbeitswelt. Hünfelden: Präsenz 2011.

[02]    

Chamorro-Premuzic, Tomas: “Narzissten trauen wir Führungspotenzial zu” in: Zeit online Arbeit. https://www.zeit.de/arbeit/2019-10/tomas-chamorro-premuzic-psychologe-maenner-karriere?utm_source=pocket-newtab [consulted 2019-11].

[03]    

Dominguez, Judith: Narzissmus. Wenn man nur noch sich selber sieht. In: Körper und Seele online. Gesundheitsnachrichten/A. Vogel. Volume 72 (2015) Issue 4. https://www.e-periodica.ch/digbib/view?pid=vgn-002:2015:72::477#113 [consulted 2019-02].

[04]    

Schneck, Christof: Coaching und Narzissmus: Psychologische Grundlagen und Praxishinweise für Management-Coaches und Berater. Springer 2017.

[05]    

Mirza, Debbie: The Covert Passive-Aggressive Narcissist: Recognizing the Traits and Finding Healing After Hidden Emotional and Psychological Abuse. Safe Place Publishing 2017.

[06]    

Dinesh Kumar V: Multiple Faces of Narcissistic Leadership in Medical Education. In: Journal of Advances in Medical Education and Professionalism, 2019 Apr; 7 (2): p. 103–105. doi: 10.30476/JAMP.2019.44705 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6475033 [consulted 2019-11].

[07]    

Bonelli, Raphael M.: Männlicher Narzissmus. Das Drama der Liebe, die um sich selbst kreist. München: Kösel 2016.

[08]    

Wardetzki, Bärbel: Narzissmus, Verführung und Macht in Politik und Gesellschaft. Berlin/Zürich/München/Wien: Europaverlag 2017.

[09]    

Wolf, Alex C.: Narcissist – a 21 Step-by-step Guide to Understanding and Dealing with a Range of Narcissistic personalities. Independently published 2019.

[10]    

Völkel, Birgit: Narzisstische Persönlichkeitsstörung. In: Pschyrembel online, published 8-2019. [consulted 2019-11].

[11]    

Evans, Melanie Tonia: You Can Thrive After Narcissistic Abuse: The #1 System for Recovering from Toxic Relationships. Introduction by Christiane Northrup. Watkins Publishing 2018.

[12]    

Behrendt, Ralph-Peter: Narcissism and the Self. Dynamics of Self-Preservation in Social Interaction, Personality Structure, Subjective Experience, and Psychopathology. London/New York: Palgrave Macmillian 2015.

[13]    

Blackburn, Simon: Mirror, Mirror. The Uses and Abuses of Self-Love. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press 2014.

[14]    

Wardetzki, Bärbel: Weiblicher Narzissmus. Der Hunger nach Anerkennung. München: Kösel 192007.

[15]    

Bergmann, Wolfgang: Ich bin der Grösste und ganz allein. Der neue Narzissmus unserer Kinder. Düsseldorf: Patmos 2009.

[16]    

Völkel, Birgit: Paranoide Persönlichkeitsstörung. In: Pschyrembel online, published 8-2019 [consulted 2019-11].

[17]    

Morningstar, Dana: Start here. A Crash Course in Understanding, Navigating and Healing From Narcissistic Abuse. Morningstar Media 2017.

[18]    

Wulf, Claudia Mariéle: Wenn das Ich zerbricht. Gedanken zum Psychotrauma für Betroffene und ihre Begleiter. Münster: LIT 2014.

[19]    

Shudi Liao/Xingchi Zhou/Zhiwen Guo/ Zhifei Li: How Does Leader Narcissism Influence Employee Voice: The Attribution of Leader Impression Management and Leader-Member Exchange. In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 2019. doi: 10.3390/ijerph16101819. Published: 22 May 2019. [consulted 2019-11].

[20]    

Papageorgiou, Kostas A./Malanchini, Margherita/ Clough, Peter J./Shakeshaft, Nicholas/ Schofield, Kerry/Kovas, Yulia: Longitudinal associations between narcissism, mental toughness and school achievement. In: Personality and Individual Differences. Elsevier. Volume 131, 1 September 2018. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2018.04.024.

[21]    

Hartmann, Hans-Peter: Narzisstische Persönlichkeitsstörungen – ein Überblick. In: Kernberg, Otto F./Hartmann, Hans-Peter (ed.): Narzissmus. Grundlagen – Störungsbilder – Therapie. Stuttgart/New York: Schattauer 2006, pp. 3-36.

[22]    

Resch, Franz/Möhler, Eva: Entwicklungspsychologie des Narzissmus. In: Kernberg, Otto F./Hartmann, Hans-Peter (ed.): Narzissmus. Grundlagen – Störungsbilder – Therapie. Stuttgart/New York: Schattauer 2006, pp. 37-70.

[23]    

Ten Brinke, Leanne/Kish, Aimee/Keltner, Dacher: Hedge Fund Managers With Psychopathic Tendencies Make for Worse Investors. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 2017; 014616721773308 DOI: 10.1177/0146167217733080. Quoted from: Society for Personality and Social Psychology. “The best hedge fund managers are not psychopaths or narcissists, according to new study.” ScienceDaily. Science Daily, 19 October 2017. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/10/171019101008.htm. [consulted 2019-11]:

[24]    

Arabi, Shahida: Becoming the Narcissist's Nightmare: How to Devalue and Discard the Narcissist While Supplying Yourself. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform 2016.

[25]    

Stangl, W. (2019). Stichwort: 'Gaslighting'. Online Lexikon für Psychologie und Pädagogik. https://lexikon.stangl.eu/16150/gaslighting/ (2019-10-31) [consulted 2019-11].





 
  Join Us
 
  Join as Reviewer
 
  Join Editorial Board
 
share:
 
 
Submission
 
 
Membership