ISSN: 2375-3773
International Journal of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources  
Manuscript Information
 
 
Influence of Irrigation and Fertilizer on the Yield of Maize as Affected by Residue Mulch
International Journal of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources
Vol.5 , No. 3, Publication Date: Nov. 5, 2018, Page: 53-58
147 Views Since November 5, 2018, 47 Downloads Since Nov. 5, 2018
 
 
Authors
 
[1]    

Abarchi Idrissa, Faculté d’Agronomie et des Sciences de l’Environnement, Université Dan Dicko Dankoulodo, Maradi, Niger.

[2]    

Mainassara Zaman-Allah, Faculté des Sciences et Techniques, Université Dan Dicko Dankoulodo, Maradi, Niger; International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center, Hararé, Zimbabwe.

[3]    

Victoria Sanyaolu, Department of Biological Science, Lagos State Polytechnic, Lagos, Nigeria.

[4]    

Zhang Zhanyu, Department of Agricultural Engineering, Hohai University, Nanjing, China.

[5]    

Guo Xiangping, Department of Agricultural Engineering, Hohai University, Nanjing, China.

[6]    

Wang Weimu, Department of Agricultural Engineering, Hohai University, Nanjing, China.

 
Abstract
 

A decrease of water resources around the globe in irrigated agriculture has resulted in a steep decline in irrigation water availability. Therefore, management options for efficient use of available irrigation water are inevitable. In addition to this, balanced and integrated use of nitrogen fertilizer and residue mulch enhance the accumulation of soil organic matter, improves soil physical properties and increase crop yield. Hence, influence of irrigation, fertilizer on the yield of maize as affected by residue mulch was examined in a green house. The objective was to determine measures, which if taken, will enhance resistance to drought and increase yield of maize with improved soil conservation. The experiment was laid out in a randomized complete block design with three blocks and twelve treatment combinations. Treatments included three factors: factor a: irrigation in three levels (no stress (a1), mild stress (a2) and severe stress (a3)), factor b: nitrogen fertilizer in two levels (no fertilizer (b1), 240 kg ha-1 (b2)) and factor c: residue mulch in two levels (no residue mulch (c1) and 6000 kg ha-1 (c2)). Experimental results revealed that mulch application reduced the amount of water needed for irrigation and increased biological yield of maize by 15 and 16.80% under full irrigation in 2005 and 2006 respectively. The use of fertilizer alone increased biological yield in non-mulch treatment under full irrigation by 12.22 and 20.03% in 2005 and 2006 and the interactions of fertilizer mulch and fertilizer water significantly (p<0.5) affected grain yield and biological yield of maize in 2005.


Keywords
 

Irrigation, Fertilizer, Green House, Residue Mulch, Biological Yield of Maize


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