ISSN: 2375-3773
International Journal of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources  
Manuscript Information
 
 
Flood Management and the Challenges in Arbaminch Zuria District, Ethiopia’s Southern Rift Valley
International Journal of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources
Vol.5 , No. 3, Publication Date: Jun. 7, 2018, Page: 34-44
418 Views Since June 7, 2018, 189 Downloads Since Jun. 7, 2018
 
 
Authors
 
[1]    

Fiseha Bekele, Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Studies, Wondogenet College of Forestry and Natural Resources, Hawassa University, Shashemene, Ethiopia.

[2]    

Ibidun O. Adelekan, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.

 
Abstract
 

Floods and drought are the major natural disasters in Ethiopia in terms of damages to people and property. Most adaptation and coping studies in Ethiopia have focused on droughts however, flood has been overlooked given its frequent and uneven occurrence as well as dreadful impact. This study examines flood management strategies at household, community and institutional level and it also explores the major challenges in flood management in Arbaminch Zuria district, Ethiopia’s southern rift valley. Different techniques of investigation including household survey, key informant interviews and field observation were employed to gather data for the study. The investigations were complemented with review of past records of flooding. Different strategies are employed at household level to deal with floods. These include provision of new ditches and cleaning of the existing ones and raising up floor height to prevent flood water from entering the house. Harvesting of premature crops and selling off properties are other strategies employed to prevent flood damage. In addition households also practiced some coping strategies. Moving the properties to neighboring safe places, Keeping children and cattle in the house and moving to other districts are coping strategies practiced by 27.6%, 91.7% and 18.9% of surveyed households respectively. At the community level flood management activities are mostly structural; in addition to other traditional non structural measures which are employed in the area.


Keywords
 

Floods, Flood Management, Challenges, Ethiopia’s Rift Valleys, Structural and Non Structural Measures


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