ISSN: 2375-379X
Health Sciences Research  
Manuscript Information
 
 
Diabetes and the Nutrition and Diets for Its Prevention and Treatment: A Systematic Review and Dietetic Perspective
Health Sciences Research
Vol.6 , No. 1, Publication Date: Feb. 4, 2020, Page: 5-19
50 Views Since February 3, 2020, 11 Downloads Since Feb. 3, 2020
 
 
Authors
 
[1]    

Chinaza Godswill Awuchi, Department of Physical Sciences, Kampala International University, Kampala, Uganda; Department of Food Science and Technology, Federal University of Technology Owerri, Owerri, Nigeria.

[2]    

Chinelo Kate Echeta, Department of Food Science and Technology, Federal University of Technology Owerri, Owerri, Nigeria.

[3]    

Victory Somtochukwu Igwe, Department of Food Science and Technology, Federal University of Technology Owerri, Owerri, Nigeria.

 
Abstract
 

The systematic review widely focused on diabetes and the developments in nutrition and diets required to prevent or control all types of diabetes. Diabetes is characterized by high blood sugar level over prolonged period. If left untreated, diabetes causes many health complications. Acute complications can include hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state, diabetic ketoacidosis, or even death. Serious long-term health complications include chronic kidney disease, foot ulcers, damage to the eyes, cardiovascular disease, and stroke. Diabetes occurs due to either the inability of the pancreas to produce enough insulin, or the body cells improperly responding to the insulin produced. Type 1, Type 2, and the Gestational diabetes are the three major types of diabetes mellitus, although there is a collection of other specific types. The Type 1 diabetes results from the failure of pancreas to produce enough insulin due to the loss of beta cells caused by an autoimmune response. Type 2 diabetes begins with the insulin resistance, a condition in which the cells fail to properly respond to insulin. As the disease keeps progressing, a lack of insulin may develop. A combination of insufficient exercise and excessive body weight is the most common cause. Gestational diabetes is third major form, and occurs when a pregnant woman without previous history of diabetes develops high blood sugar levels. Adequate dieting, with good nutrition and regular exercise are very important in preventing or controlling diabetes. Prevention and treatment of diabetes involve maintaining healthy diet, regular physical exercise, normal body weight, and also avoiding use of tobacco. Maintaining a healthy diet, low-fat diet, low-calorie diet, paleolithic diet, very low carbohydrate diet, raw foodism, and/or ketogenic diet can help prevent or manage diabetes.


Keywords
 

Diabetes Mellitus, Diabetes Causes, Diabetes Prevention, Nutrition and Diets for Diabetes Prevention, Nutrition and Diets for Diabetes Control


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