ISSN: 2375-379X
Health Sciences Research  
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Knowledge, Attitude and Factors Affecting Voluntary HIV Counseling and Testing Services Among Women in an Abuja Suburb Community
Health Sciences Research
Vol.5 , No. 2, Publication Date: May 16, 2018, Page: 50-58
769 Views Since May 16, 2018, 109 Downloads Since May 16, 2018
 
 
Authors
 
[1]    

Bibiana Nonye Egenti, Department of Community Medicine, University of Abuja, Abuja, Nigeria.

[2]    

Emmanuel Paul Odiba, Department of Medicine, College of Health Sciences, University of Abuja, Abuja, Nigeria.

[3]    

Amos Dangana, Department of Medical Laboratory Services, University of Abuja Teaching Hospital, Gwagwalada, Abuja, Nigeria.

[4]    

Ramsey Msheliza Yalma, Department of Community Medicine, University of Abuja, Abuja, Nigeria.

[5]    

Idris Abdullahi Nasir, Department of Medical Laboratory Services, University of Abuja Teaching Hospital, Gwagwalada, Abuja, Nigeria; Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria.

 
Abstract
 

The entry point to prevention, treatment and control measure of HIV infection is Voluntary Counseling and Testing (VCT). This study sought to assess the level of awareness, attitude and perception of VCT among women of reproductive age group in Passo community, Abuja, Nigeria. Between 1st May to 31st July of 2017, interviewer-based questionnaires was used to assess the socio-demographic data, knowledge of VCT, perception and attitude towards utilization of VCT and factors affecting VCT utilization. The community was divided into three (3) settlements, each having fifty (50) households, from which one respondent was randomly selected for the study. Seventy (46.7%) of the 150 respondents were aware of VCT; sixty two (62) were not aware and have no knowledge of VCT. There is significant association between occupation and level of education (p<0.05) and knowledge of VCT. There is no significant association between marital status, age and the level of awareness of VCT (p>0.05). Ninety percent of the respondents believed VCT is useful in preventing mother to child transmission of HIV, 116 (89.9%) believed its useful to those preparing for marriage, 112 (86.8%) believed VCT is necessary for pregnant women, while 102 (79.1%) believed VCT is useful to those who needed to know their HIV status. Respondents believed that stigmatization and discrimination (87.3%), attitude of health workers administering VCT (78.7%), location of VCT center (76.7%), and doubt about clients’ confidentiality (63.3%) are the leading factors affecting VCT utilization. Despite favourable attitude towards VCT by study respondents, majority of them were not aware of VCT. In consideration to factors that may limit VCT utilization by people, it’s recommended that mass education of utilization of VCT using appropriate physiological approach be considered by health workers and policy makers.


Keywords
 

HIV/AIDS, Voluntary Counseling and Testing, HIV Prevention, Nigeria


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