ISSN: 2375-3838
International Journal of Clinical Medicine Research  
Manuscript Information
 
 
Preliminary Screening of Risk Factors of Female Infertility at Hyderabad City of Sindh, Pakistan
International Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
Vol.7 , No. 1, Publication Date: Jan. 10, 2020, Page: 1-5
721 Views Since January 10, 2020, 142 Downloads Since Jan. 10, 2020
 
 
Authors
 
[1]    

Muzna Paras, Institute of Biochemistry, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Sindh, Jamshoro, Pakistan.

[2]    

Naseem Aslam Channa, Institute of Biochemistry, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Sindh, Jamshoro, Pakistan.

[3]    

Safdar Ali Amur, College of Life Science and Technology, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing, China.

[4]    

Quratulain Khuhro, Institute of Biochemistry, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Sindh, Jamshoro, Pakistan.

[5]    

Najaf Ali Soomro, College of Life Science and Technology, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing, China.

[6]    

Muhammad Haneef Mugheri, Institute of Biochemistry, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Sindh, Jamshoro, Pakistan.

[7]    

Amna Yasin Awan, Institute of Biochemistry, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Sindh, Jamshoro, Pakistan.

 
Abstract
 

This study was aimed to explore the epidemiological factors associated with female infertility at Hyderabad Sindh, Pakistan. To achieve the aim, a total of 60 infertile females and 47 healthy females who served as controls were selected. A standard questionnaire was applied by interviewing methods at the Australian Concept and Fertility Center Hyderabad. The participants were verbally informed regarding the procedure and aim of the study. All of them were asked about their personal lifestyle, medical history, infertility and menstruation history. Primary data was compiled by SPSS and a chi-squared test with 95% confidential interval was applied to calculate odds ratios. The student’s t-test was used between infertile and fertile females to compare BMI. The majority of infertile females were housewives, obese and aged between 36-45 years and consumers of surface water. Moreover, we found the significant positive association of menstrual cramps and the passing of clots during the menstrual cycle, positive family history of infertility and the use of medications to regulate the menstrual periods. On the other hand, the personal history of miscarriages and the use of medications to relieve the menstrual cramps pain showed a non-significant positive association with female infertility. While taking tea or consumption of cold/fizzy drinks was found with a non-significant negative association towards female infertility.


Keywords
 

Infertility, Housewives, Menstruation Cramps, Obesity, Contraceptives


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