As with other developmental indices, mentoring is as much a challenge in developed countries as it is for the developing countries. Personal circumstances, institutional challenges and differences in beliefs and orientation between the mentor and the mentored or mentee could pressurize the later to opt for other supple disciplines for the purpose of earning a living and not necessarily to fulfil a lifelong aspiration in self fulfilment. Mentoring junior scholars in developing countries could be very challenging on either side of the divide, however this process of grooming the future leaders in academia, industry and commerce requires a boost of motivation, support from learned societies, and indeed government and non governmental bodies. The review focuses on ecology as a discipline and draws examples from there.
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