The world is undergoing the largest wave of urban growth in history. Increasing urbanization, growth of population with rising standards of living have contributed to increase the quantity of solid wastes generated by mining, industrial, agricultural, and domestic activities. Management of increasing amounts of solid waste has become a major challenge in many cities in developing countries. The main objective of waste management system is to maximize economic beneﬁts and at the same time protection of the environment. The optimal solution for solid waste management is to minimize the quantity of waste both at generation and disposal stage followed by preventive environmental management action. Recycling of solid wastes is another major productive area in which considerable quantity can be utilized for manufacturing new products. Converting solid residues into value-added materials not only alleviates the disposal problem but also converts a waste material into a marketable commodity. The major solid wastes generated in Brazil are ash generated at coal-fired power plants, sludge from water treatment plant and waste biomass. To safeguard the environment, efforts are being made for recycling the wastes and utilize them in value-added applications. This article provides an overview of current research activities of our research group on the synthesis of value-added materials from Coal Combustion Products and waste agricultural biomass and their potential environmental application especially as low-cost adsorbents for the treatment of wastewater and production of ecological brick.
FUNGARO, D. A.; IZIDORO, J. C.; SANTOS, F. S.; WANG, S. Coal Fly Ash from Brazilian Power Plants: Chemical and Physical Properties and Leaching Characteristics. In: SARKER, P.K. (Ed.). Fly Ash: Chemical Composition, Sources and Potential Environmental Impacts. Hauppauge, N.Y.: Nova Science Publishers, 2013.
MUHAMMAD, S.; SAPUTRA, E.; SUN, H.; IZIDORO, J. C.; FUNGARO, D. A.; ANG, M. H.; TADE, M. O.; WANG, S. Coal fly ash supported Co3O4 catalysts for phenol degradation using peroxymonosulfate RSC Advances 2 (2012) 5645-5650.
IZIDORO, J. C.; FUNGARO, D. A.; SANTOS, F. S.; WANG, S. Characteristics of Brazilian coal ﬂy ashes and their synthesized zeolites. Fuel Processing Technology 97 (2012) 38–44.
IZIDORO, J. C.; FUNGARO, D. A.; WANG, S. Zeolite synthesis from Brazilian coal fly ash for removal of Zn2+ and Cd2+ from water. Advanced Materials Research 356-360 (2012) 1900-1908.
IZIDORO J. C, FUNGARO, D. A.; ABBOTT, J. E, WANG, S. Synthesis of zeolites X and A from ﬂy ashes for cadmium and zinc removal from aqueous solutions in single and binary ion systems. Fuel 103 (2013) 827–834
FUNGARO, D. A; YAMAURA, M.; CARVALHO, T. E. M.; GRACIANO, J. E. A. Zeolite from Fly Ash-Iron Oxide Magnetic Nanocomposite: Synthesis and Application as an Adsorbent for Removal of Contaminants from Aqueous Solution. In: ANDREYEV, M. K; ZUBKOV, O. L. (Ed.). Zeolites: Synthesis, Chemistry and Applications. Hauppauge, N.Y.: Nova Science Publishers, 2012.
YAMAURA, M.; FUNGARO, D.A. Synthesis and characterization of magnetic adsorbent prepared by magnetite nanoparticles and zeolite from coal fly ash. Journal of Materials Science 48 (2013) 5093–5101.
FUNGARO, D. A.; GRACIANO, J. E. A.. Adsorption of Zinc Ions from Water Using Zeolite/Iron Oxide Composites. Adsorption Science and Technology 10 (2007) 729 -740.
FUNGARO, D. A.; YAMAURA, M.; CRAESMEYER, G. R. Uranium removal from aqueous solution by zeolite from fly ash-iron oxide magnetic nanocomposite. International Review of Chemical Engineering (I.RE.CH.E.) 4 (2012) 353-358.
FUNGARO, D.A.; BRUNO, M.; GROSCHE, L.C. “Adsorption and kinetic studies of methylene blue on zeolite synthesized from fly ash,” Desalination and Water Treatment, 2, 231-239, 2009.
FUNGARO, D.A.; YAMAURA, M.; CARVALHO, T. E .M. Adsorption of anionic dyes from aqueous solution on zeolite from fly ash-iron oxide magnetic nanocomposite Journal of Atomic and Molecular Sciences 2 (2011) 305-316.
CARVALHO, T. E. M.; FUNGARO, D. A.; MAGDALENA, C .P.; CUNICO, P. Adsorption of indigo carmine from aqueous solution using coal fly ash and zeolite from fly ash Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 289, 617-626, 2011.
BERTOLINI, T. C. R.; IZIDORO, J. C. ; MAGDALENA, C. P.; FUNGARO, D. A. Adsorption of crystal violet dye from aqueous solution onto zeolites from coal fly and bottom ashes. Orbital: The Electronic Journal of Chemistry 5 (2013) 179-191.
FUNGARO, D. A.; GROSCHE, L. C.; PINHEIRO, A. S.; IZIDORO, J. C.; BORRELY, S .I. Adsorption of methylene blue from aqueous solution on zeolitic material and the improvement as toxicity removal to living organisms Orbital: The Electronic Journal of Chemistry 2 (2010) 235-247.
MAGDALENA, C. P. Adsorption of reactive Remazol Red RB dye of aqueous solution using zeolite of the coal ash and evaluation of acute toxicity with Daphnia similis. Master Dissertation. Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares, Brasil, 2010 (in Portuguese with English abstract) http://pelicano.ipen.br/PosG30/TextoCompleto/Carina%20Pitwak%20Magdalena_M.pdf .
FERREIRA, C. P. Studies on the adsorption of Reactive Black 5 dye of aqueous solution using zeolite of the coal ashes. Master Dissertation. Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares, Brasil, 2011 (in Portuguese with English abstract). http://pelicano.ipen.br/PosG30/TextoCompleto/Patricia%20Cunico%20Ferreira_M.pdf.
FUNGARO, D. A.; BORRELY, S. I. Synthesis and characterization of zeolite from coal ashes modified by cationic surfactant. Cerâmica 58 (2012) 77-83 (in Portuguese with English abstract).
FUNGARO, D. A.; MAGDALENA, C. P. Adsorption of Reactive Red 198 from aqueous solution by organozeolite from fly ash: Kinetic and Equilibrium studies. International Journal of Chemical and Environmental Engineering Systems 3 (2012) 74-83.
FUNGARO, D.A.; BORRELY S. I.; CARVALHO, T. E. M. Surfactant Modified Zeolite from Cyclone Ash as Adsorbent for Removal of Reactive Orange 16 from Aqueous Solution. American Journal of Environmental Protection 1 (2013) 1-9.
FUNGARO, D.A.; MAGDALENA, C. P. Counterion effects on the adsorption of Acid Orange 8 from aqueous solution onto HDTMA-modiﬁed nanozeolite from fly ash. Environment and Ecology Research 2 (2014) 97-106.
FUNGARO, D. A.; REIS, T. V. S.; LOGLI, M. A.; OLIVEIRA, N. A. Synthesis and Characterization of Zeolitic Material Derived from Sugarcane Straw Ash. American Journal of Environmental Protection 2 (2014) 16-21.
SILVA, M. V. Development of bricks with incorporation of coal ash and sludge from water treatment plant. Master Dissertation. Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares, Brasil, 2011 (in Portuguese with English abstract) http://pelicano.ipen.br/PosG30/TextoCompleto/Mauro%20Valerio%20da%20Silva_M.pdf