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AASCIT Communications | Volume 1, Issue 2 | Jul. 18, 2014 online | Page:18-21
Narrative, Art and Play (NAP) Therapy: An Approach to Improve Behaviors of Children with Mild Autism
The intricacy of managing a child with autism has posed primary caregivers to seek assistance in addressing the child’s repetitive behaviors, inattentiveness, social skills deficit, and communication impairments. However, there is still a lack of knowledge on how to address their manifestations. This study investigates how Narrative, Art, and Play (NAP) therapy affects their behaviors in terms of Unsociable-Sociable (US), Restless-Settled (RS), and Inattentiveness-Attentiveness (IA) dimensions. A quasi-experimental one-group pre-test post-test design was applied to 20 children diagnosed with mild autism aged 6-13 years old, and with performance level of grade 2-3. Each session consisted of a pre-test activity about hygiene; a 25-30 minutes NAP therapy (narrative story about hygiene and clay therapy); and a post-test activity with same contents of pre-test. Primary caregivers were asked to fill-out the Rowe Behavioral Rating Inventory (RBRI) before and after each 7 sessions. One-Way Repeated-Measures Analysis of Variance (ANOVA), was used in comparing RBRI scores, showed significant differences in sociableness (p-value=0.000) and attentiveness (p-value=0.000), and insignificant difference in restlessness (p-value= 0.061) dimensions of behaviors. Based from the data, NAP therapy improved their social and attentive behaviors and did not improve their restlessness behavior. Interestingly, results also showed improvements in their memory recall and memory retention as seen in their 1st session and last session pre-test and post-test activity scores (p-value= 0.049 and 0.018 respectively).
Hazel Vera D. Tan, College of Nursing, University of Santo Tomas, Manila, Philippines.
Colleen Antoniette F. Tadeja, College of Nursing, University of Santo Tomas, Manila, Philippines.
Allan Rousis F. Tadeo, College of Nursing, University of Santo Tomas, Manila, Philippines.
Princess Reida P. Talledo, College of Nursing, University of Santo Tomas, Manila, Philippines.
Gabriel Jacob Z. Tampos, College of Nursing, University of Santo Tomas, Manila, Philippines.
Alyssa Marie D. Tan, College of Nursing, University of Santo Tomas, Manila, Philippines.
Florence C. Navidad, College of Nursing, University of Santo Tomas, Manila, Philippines.
Art Therapy, Autism, Behaviors, Narrative Therapy, Play Therapy
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Arcticle History
Submitted: Jun. 12, 2014
Accepted: Jul. 8, 2014
Published: Jul. 18, 2014
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