About Communications       Author's Guide       Reviewers       Editorial Members       Archive
Volume 8
Volume 7
Volume 6
Volume 5
Volume 4
Volume 3
Volume 2
Volume 1
AASCIT Communications | Volume 1, Issue 2 | Jul. 9, 2014 online | Page:10-12
Wastes into Assets: A Reality
Now, biomass is one of the major renewable energy sources, which is converted into useful products via thermal and biochemical conversion techniques. Fast pyrolysis is one among the techniques to convert bioresidues into a liquid product-biooil, where the biomass will be heated to higher temperatures and the vapors generated from the bioresidues will be cooled immediately to produce the biooil. It is used for heat and a source for valuable fuels and chemicals. In this paper, the availability of biomass, and its conversion through fast pyrolysis is discussed.
R. Mythili, Department of Bio Energy, College of Agricultural Engineering, TamilNadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu.
P. Venkatachalam, Department of Bio Energy, College of Agricultural Engineering, TamilNadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu.
P. Subramanian, Department of Bio Energy, College of Agricultural Engineering, TamilNadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu.
D. Uma, Department of Bio Energy, College of Agricultural Engineering, TamilNadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu.
Biomass, Pyrolysis, Biooil
Eric, Y. 2011. India’s widening Energy Deficit. INDIAREALTIME. March 2011. http://blogs.wsj.com/indiarealtime/2011/03/09/indias-widening-energy-deficit/. Retrieved on 12.09.2013.
Matti, P., 2004. Global biomass fuel resources. Biomass Bioenerg 27: 613-20.
Pallav P, K.T. Arun and T.C. Kandpal. 2006. Energetics of coal substitution by briquettes of agricultural residues, Energ 31: 1321-31.
DES-DAC, 2008. Agricultural Statistics at a Glance, Directorate of Economics and Statistics. Department of Agriculture and Co-operation, Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India. .
Klass, D.L., 1998. Biomass for Renewable Energy. Fuels and Chemicals. Academic Press, San Diego, CA.
Duman, G., C. Okutucu., S. Ucar., R. Stahl and J. Yanik. 2011. The slow and fast pyrolysis of cherry seed. Bioresour Technol 102: 1869-78.
Diebold, J., T. Milne., S. Czernik., A. Oasmaa., A. Bridgwater., A. Cuevas., S. Gust., D. Huffman and J. Piskorz. 1997. Proposed specifications for various grades of pyrolysis oils. In: A.V. Bridgwater and D.G.B. Boocock. Developments in thermo-chemical biomass conversion, London-Glasgow, Blackie Academic and Professional. 433-47.
Mohan D., Jr. C. U. Pittman and P.H. Steele. 2006. Pyrolysis of wood/biomass for biooil: a critical review. Energ fuels 20:848-89.
Maher, K.D and D.C. Bressler. 2007. Pyrolysis of triglyceride materials for the production of renewable fuels and chemicals. Bioresour Technol 98: 2351-68.
Zhang, Q., J. Chang, T.J. Wang and Y. Xu. 2007. Review of biomass pyrolysis oil properties and upgrading research. Energ Convers Mgmt 48: 87-92.
Asadullah, M., M. A. Rahman., M. M. Ali., M.A. Motin., M. B. Sultan., M. R. Alam and M. S. Rahman. 2008. Jute stick pyrolysis for bio-oil production in fluidized bed reactor. Bioresour Technol 99: 44-50.
Boukis, I.P., S. Bezergianni, P. Grammelis and A.V. Bridgwater. 2007a. CFB air-blown flash pyrolysis. Part II: operation and experimental results. Fuel 86: 1387-95.
Garcia-Perez M., A. Chaala., H. Pakdel and C. Roy. 2002. Sugarcane Bagasse Vacuum Pyrolysis. J Anal Appl Pyrolysis 65: 111-136.
Baumlin, S., F. Broust., F. Bazer-Bachi., T. Bourdeaux., O. Herbinet., F.T. Ndiaye., M. Ferrer and J. Led. 2006. Production of hydrogen by lignins fast pyrolysis. Inter J Hydrogen Energ 31(15):2179–92.
Budarin, V. L., J. H. Clark., B. A. Lanigan., P. Shuttleworth., S. W. Breeden., A.J. Wilson., D. J. Macquarrie., K. Milkowski., J.Jones., T. Bridgeman and A. Ross. 2009. The preparation of high-grade biooils through the controlled, low temperature microwave activation of wheat straw. Bioresour Technol 100: 6064-8.
Czernik, S., J. Scahill and J. Diebold. 1995. The production of liquid fuel by fast pyrolysis of biomass, J Solar Energ Engg Transactions of the Asme, 117(1):2.
Scott, D.S., J. Piskorz., M.A. Bergougnou., R. Graham and R. P. Overend. 1988. The role of temperature in the fast pyrolysis of cellulose and wood. Ind Eng Chem Res 27:8-15.
Mythili, R., P. Venkatachalam, P. Subramanian and D. Uma. 2013. Characterization of bioresidues for biooil production through pyrolysis. Bioresour Technol, 138: 71-78.
Heo, H.S., H.J Park., J. H. Yim., J.M. SOhn., J. Park, S.S. Kim., C. Ryu., J.K. Jeon and Y.K. Park. 2010. Influence of operation variables on fast pyrolysis of Miscanthus sinensis var. Purpurascens. Bioresour Technol 101: 3672-7.
Arcticle History
Submitted: Jun. 4, 2014
Accepted: Jun. 12, 2014
Published: Jul. 9, 2014
The American Association for Science and Technology (AASCIT) is a not-for-profit association
of scientists from all over the world dedicated to advancing the knowledge of science and technology and its related disciplines, fostering the interchange of ideas and information among investigators.
©Copyright 2013 -- 2019 American Association for Science and Technology. All Rights Reserved.