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AASCIT Communications | Volume 3, Issue 2 | Feb. 19, 2016 online | Page:82-89
A Model for Tourism: The Total Number of Trips by Main Mode of Transport Used in 13 EU Countries
Tourism is an important and fast-evolving economic activity with social, cultural and environmental implications, involving large numbers of small and medium-sized businesses. Its contribution to growth and employment varies widely from one region of the EU to another. In rural regions that are usually remote from the economic centers of their countries, tourism is often one of the main sources of income for the population and a prominent factor in securing an adequate level of employment. In this study, we consider and estimate the most accurate association model of the Categorical Data Analysis (CDAS) for tourism: the total number of trips (absolute value/unit) by main mode of transport used in 13 EU countries. The data used in this study were obtained from the Eurostat and estimated on actual base year from 2004 - 2012. Since the main focus is to have a better understanding of tourism - holidays in 13 EU countries, the analysis of association (ANOAS) table is given in order to ascertain the percentage of the data which is covered by each model. We find and estimate the association model with the best fit and in conclusion we find out that the Row-Column Effects Association Model (RC) of the (M = 8) has the best fit among all.
Joel C. Nwaubani, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Applied Informatics, University of Macedonia, Thessaloniki, Greece.
Theodora Polizou, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Administration, University of Macedonia, Thessaloniki, Greece.
Margarita Palantzidou, Faculty of Theology, School of Theology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (AUTh), Thessaloniki, Greece.
Association Models, Log-Linear and Non-Linear Models, Tourism and European Union
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Arcticle History
Submitted: Dec. 11, 2015
Accepted: Dec. 30, 2015
Published: Feb. 19, 2016
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