The main purpose of this short article was to introduce a membrane technology for diverse application including water desalination, algae separation, chiral separation, energy production and gas separation. A wonderful period for membrane investigation and development started at the beginning of the seventies. The membranes and related modules for reverse osmosis (RO), electrodialysis (ED), ultrafiltration (UF) and microfiltration (MF) had mostly been developed in this period. A great success in the membrane field was achieved in the decade 1980 concerning the development of new membrane processes such as seawater and brackish water desalination, pure and ultrapure water production, separation, purification and concentration of various liquids by membrane technology were applied on medium and large scale. At the same decades, gas separation (GS) membrane development also started. Studies on membrane distillation (MD), pervaporation (PV), membrane extraction (MEx), membrane phase separation (MPS), inorganic membranes (IM) and membrane reactors (MR), membrane bioreactors (MBR) were also started. In 1990s, composite membranes for RO and NF (nanofiltration) were manufactured on pilot scale. At present, new technologies and new processing techniques on membrane production are constantly being revealed and invented. Membrane separation replaces or supplements these techniques by the use of selectively permeable barriers, with pores sized to permit the passage of water molecules, chiral drugs, micro-algae but small enough to retain a wide range of particulate and dissolved compounds, depending on their nature. The membranes are made from materials such as thin organic polymer films, thin film coating monomer materials, bioinspired materials for coating, depending on the applications. Membranes are manufactured in different forms such as hollow fibers or flat sheets. The studies of these membranes along with their diverse application briefly explain in this brief survey.
Polymer Membrane, Water Desalination, Chiral Separation, Algae Separation, Gas Separation, Energy Production
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